Allergy and Inflammation

Allergy is one of the most adverse immune reaction faced worldwide by people which is next accompanied by inflammation. The set of conditions caused by Hypersensitivity of the immune system in response to any foreign substance is allergy/ allergic diseases. It may arise due to genetic or environmental factors. The causative agents are termed as allergen and they may be food, drug, dust, pollen, animal dander &fur etc. varying for each individual. Mostly allergen immunotherapy is the advanced therapeutics method to treat the allergies. Allergic and Inflammatory Reactions are caused by the immune system but if the reaction becomes adverse then the condition becomes chronic for an individual. The causative agents for such adverse reactions could be genetic, environmental, pathogenic and synthetic compounds. The localised body part which gets red, swollen, hot and painful after an injury or infection is an condition termed as inflammation and it might be due to allergy: Allergic inflammation or due to tumour. Inflammation can be acute or chronic and it consists of different types based on the part of inflammation.

Anti-Inflammatory Therapeutics Market is expected to garner $106.1 billion by 2020, registering a CAGR of 5.9% during the forecast period 2015-2020. Inflammation is triggered by the defence system of the body in response to harmful stimuli, damaged cells, irritants and microorganisms. Inflammation is the mechanism of innate immunity, which seeks to eliminate the cause of injury, clear dead and necrotic cells and heal injured tissues.